Social Campaign Effectively Increases Level of Knowledge of HIV/AIDS Among Senior High School Adolecent

  • I Wayan Eka Satriawibawa Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayan
  • Ketut Dewi Kumara Wati Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayana/Sanglah Hospital, Denpasa
  • A.A Ayu Widiastari UPT. Puskesmas Mengwi II, Badung Regenc
Keywords: Social campaign, Adolescent, Level of knowledge, Attitude, HIV/AIDS

Abstract

Introduction : Statistic data consistently showed that adolescent is one of the vulnerable group to HIV/AIDS transmission, as it reflected by a persistently increase of HIV/AIDS infected patients from year to year. Level of knowledge of adolescents is the main component of HIV/AIDS transmission prevention program. The aim of this study was to assess effectiveness of social campaign to increase level of knowledge of HIV/AIDS among senior high school adolescents, and correlation between level of knowledge and negative attitude.   Methods : 71 students from state senior high school in Mengwi district, Badung Regency, Bali, were taken by consecutive method. The data was taken by questionnaire, before and after the social campaign was given.   Results : There were 50,7% students had good knowledge before the campaign was given, and 59,2% students still had negative attitude. 70,4% students agreed that adolescent is susceptible to HIV/AIDS. Proportion of adolescent with good knowledge after the campaign was given, increased significantly into 98,6% (p=0,000), and there was an increase of pretest score, from 57,23 (SD 20,4) and posttest score was 84 (IQR 8). There was correlation between level of knowledge and negative attitude ( spearman’s rho= -0,543, p=0,000).   Conclusion : Social campaign effectively increase level of knowledge of adolescent, and level of knowledge is correlated with negative attitude of adolescent toward HIV/AIDS.

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Published
2019-10-03
How to Cite
Satriawibawa, I. W. E., Wati, K. D. K., & Widiastari, A. A. (2019). Social Campaign Effectively Increases Level of Knowledge of HIV/AIDS Among Senior High School Adolecent. Journal Of The Indonesian Medical Association, 68(2), 65-71. https://doi.org/10.47830/jinma-vol.68.2-2018-87
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