Difficult Intubation Predictor: Comparison Between Ratio Of Height To Thyromental Distance, Mallampati Score And Thyromental Distance

  • Riyadh Firdaus Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia – Cipto Mangunkusumo National General Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Aries Perdana Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia – Cipto Mangunkusumo National General Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Rinal Effendi Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia – Cipto Mangunkusumo National General Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia
Keywords: Mallampati score, Thyromental distance, ratio of height to thyromental distance (RHTMD), difficult visualiation of the larynx

Abstract

Introduction: The Mallampati score and thyromental distance (TMD) are frequently used to identify challenging laryngoscopies, but their reliability in predicting difficulty is uncertain. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of using the ratio of height to thyromental distance (RHTMD) in predicting difficult visualization of the larynx (DVL) when compared to the Mallampati score and TMD.
Method: To achieve this goal, 277 patients who received general anesthesia during elective surgery were evaluated using the Mallampati score, TMD, and RHTMD. The Cormack and Lehane (CL) classification was used to grade the laryngeal view, with CL grade 3 and 4 indicating difficult visualization. The study then determined and compared the area under the curve (AUC), sensitivity, and specificity for each airway predictor.
Results: The AUC of RHTMD (85.5%) was better than TMD (82.7%) and significantly better than the Mallampati score (61.4%).
Conclusion: RHTMD is more accurate in predicting difficult laryngoscopy than both the Mallampati score and TMD.

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Published
2023-05-05
How to Cite
Firdaus, R., Perdana, A., & Effendi, R. (2023). Difficult Intubation Predictor: Comparison Between Ratio Of Height To Thyromental Distance, Mallampati Score And Thyromental Distance . Journal Of The Indonesian Medical Association, 73(1), 35 - 38. https://doi.org/10.47830/jinma-vol.73.1-2023-813
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