Prevalence and Survival Rate of Advanced Stage Cervical Cancer Patients with Obstructive Uropathy in a Tertiary Hospital

  • Besut Daryanto Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Brawijaya, Dr. Saiful Anwar General Hospital, Malang, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0776-1633
  • Tatit Nurseta Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Brawijaya, Dr. Saiful Anwar General Hospital, Malang, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7477-5181
  • Gusti Ayu Made Pratishita Wisnu Faculty of Medicine Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia
Keywords: Hydronephrosis, Cervical cancer, Prevalence, Survival rate, Cell types

Abstract

Introduction: This study aims to determine the prevalence and survival rate of advanced cervical cancer patients with obstructive uropathy based on grade of hydronephrosis, type of hydronephrosis, deobstruction action, type of deobstruction, clinical stage, and cancer cell type.
Method: This research is a descriptive analytical study with a cross-sectional retrospective approach. Samples were obtained from medical records of patients with stage IIIB, IVA and IVB cervical cancer who were treated at RSUD Dr. Saiful Anwar Malang in 2016–2023. Sampling was carried out using the total sampling method.
Result: Of the 171 patients, the majority of patients had stage IIIB cervical cancer (71.9%), moderate (72.5%) and bilateral (90.1%) hydronephrosis were found in the majority of patients. SCC dominated the sample (82.5%) and was followed by ADC (14.6%). Most patients underwent deobstruction (64.3%) with DJ stent insertion being the most common type of deobstruction (84.5%). Patients with stage IVB have a lower survival rate than IIIB and IVA (p greater than 0.05). Patients with SCC had lower survival (3%) than ADC (5%). The average survival rate for the three grades of hydronephrosis was not significantly different (p greater than 0.05). Patients undergoing deobstruction showed a higher survival rate (5%) (p greater than 0.05). DJ stent, PCN, and UCS insertion showed similar survival rates in patients (p greater than 0.05).
Conclusion: Stage IIIB cervical cancer, moderate hydronephrosis, bilateral hydronephrosis, and SCC dominated the patients in the study. Patients with stage IVB cervical cancer, SCC, unilateral or severe hydronephrosis have a worse prognosis. The presence of deobstruction indicates a better prognosis and can be performed with PCN, DJ stent insertion, or UCS.

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Published
2024-05-06
How to Cite
Daryanto, B., Nurseta, T., & Wisnu, G. A. M. P. (2024). Prevalence and Survival Rate of Advanced Stage Cervical Cancer Patients with Obstructive Uropathy in a Tertiary Hospital. Journal Of The Indonesian Medical Association, 74(2), 64 - 70. https://doi.org/10.47830/jinma-vol.74.2-2024-1419
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