Knowledge and Attitude towards Disaster and Emergency Situation: A Multicentre Study

  • Vito Filbert Jayalie Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Central Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Beryliana Maya Anisa Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Central Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Rania Zahra Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Central Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Luther Holan Parasian Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Central Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Caren Andika Surbakti Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Central Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Nela Lutfiana Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Central Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Adrian Reynaldo Sudirman Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Central Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Lintang Sekar Sari Faculty of Medicine Universitas Andalas, Padang, Indonesia
  • Indah Nur Rachmah Faculty of Medicine Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Hasna Ibadurrahmi Faculty of Medicine Universitas Pembangunan Nasional “Veteran” Jakarta, South Jakarta, Indonesia
  • M. Sopiyudin Dahlan Epidemiologi Indonesia, Central Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Riyadh Firdaus Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Central Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Indonesia Emergency Knowledge and Attitude Evaluator Team Indonesia Emergency Knowledge and Attitude Evaluator Team
Keywords: knowledge, attitude, emergency condition, disaster

Abstract

Introduction: Being in the ring of fire have caused Indonesia prone to emergency and disasters. This condition should make a positive correlation to level of citizen’s knowledge and attitude towards emergency and disaster situation. However, there is no study to assess this condition. This study aims to assess the knowledge and attitude of Indonesian in emergency and disaster using a cross-sectional study collected from questionnaire interviewed by trained medical students in four centers (Jakarta, Depok, Padang, and Makassar).
Method: Samples were collected using random cluster sampling. Out of 570 samples participated, most of the respondents had a poor knowledge (56.1%) and attitude (60.7%).
Result: There is a significant relationship between knowledge and attitude (p<0.001). Age, education, and training on disaster can affect both knowledge and attitude towards emergency and disaster situation (p<0.05). However, disaster experience only had a significant contribution towards knowledge (p<0.05) but not the attitude (p = 0.856).
Conclusion: Most of the population in this study had poor knowledge and attitude in emergencies. These presented data also indicate that training on disaster is urgently needed to give impact on citizen’s awareness. Moreover, further research is needed.

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Published
2020-04-09
How to Cite
Vito Filbert Jayalie, Beryliana Maya Anisa, Rania Zahra, Luther Holan Parasian, Caren Andika Surbakti, Nela Lutfiana, Adrian Reynaldo Sudirman, Lintang Sekar Sari, Indah Nur Rachmah, Hasna Ibadurrahmi, M. Sopiyudin Dahlan, Riyadh Firdaus, & Indonesia Emergency Knowledge and Attitude Evaluator Team. (2020). Knowledge and Attitude towards Disaster and Emergency Situation: A Multicentre Study. Journal Of The Indonesian Medical Association, 68(12), 453-461. https://doi.org/10.47830/jinma-vol.68.12-2018-204