Risk Factors of Preterm Labor in RSUD Dr. M. Soewandhi Surabaya in 2017

Risk Factors of Preterm Labor in RSUD Dr. M. Soewandhi Surabaya in 2017

  • Bulqis Inas Sakinah Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
  • Dominicus Husada Departemen Ilmu Kesehatan Anak Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Dr. Soetomo, Surabaya
  • Sulistiawati Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
Keywords: preterm labor, risk factor, maternal risk

Abstract

Introduction: Preterm labor is one of the biggest direct cause of neonatal death and determined by various risk factors.
Objective: To determine the effect of mother’s age, parity, preterm labor history, multiple pregnancy and pregnancy complications on the incidence of preterm labor.
Method: Retrospective case-control method was conducted. Data were obtained from medical records of mothers who did labor in RSUD Dr. M. Soewandhi in 2017.
Result: The analysis showed significant relationship between mother’s age (p=0,004), preterm labor history (p=0,006) and pregnancy complications (p<0,001) with the incidence of preterm labor. Based on multivariate analysis, mothers aged <20 and >35 years old and those who had pregnancy complications were at risk of 3,510 (95% CI 1,481-8,230) and 5,203 (95% CI 2,248-12,040) times of having preterm labor.
Conclusion: Maternal age and pregnancy complications were two contributing factors that increase the risk of preterm labor. These factors should be given special attention while assessing pregnancy to prevent preterm labor.

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Published
2020-03-13
How to Cite
Bulqis Inas Sakinah, Dominicus Husada, & Sulistiawati. (2020). Risk Factors of Preterm Labor in RSUD Dr. M. Soewandhi Surabaya in 2017. Journal Of The Indonesian Medical Association, 69(12), 344-348. https://doi.org/10.47830/jinma-vol.69.12-2019-165